The Historical City Of Malacca

Welcome to Malacca World Heritage City. On this site you
will find comprehensive listing with information on almost
every aspect of visiting and living in Malacca.

Malacca History

· Introduction
· The state crest
· The state flag
· History and historical chronology
· Malacca's historical sites
· Places of interest
· Trivia and folklore
  · The legend of Pulau Besar
  · St. Francis lore
  · The first school in Malaysia
  · Admiral Cheng Ho's famous fingerprints
  · A Chinese princess and a magic well
  · Population of Malacca in 1881
· Malacca Walkabout
  · Historical site walk
  · Religious houses tour
  · Jogging on Bukit China
· Legendary visitors of ancient Malacca
  · Admiral Cheng Ho (Zheng He)
  · Ferdinand Magellan
  · Saint Francisco Xavier
  · Sir Stamford Raffles
  · Yap Ah Loy
· The Malay Sultanate of Malacca
  · The early stages
  · The administration
  · The political functions
· The Portuguese conquest of Malacca
· The Malacca fort 'A Famosa'
· Back to the past
  · Alfred Russel Wallace (1854)
  · Isabella Lucy Bird (1879)
· Old paintings and maps of Malacca
· Black and white pictures of yesteryears
· The ruins of St. Paul's Church
· Birdwatching at Bukit China

History of Malacca - Chronology of Events

1400 - Parameswara, Hindu prince from Palembang flees Temasik ancient Singapore and founds Malacca.

1403 - The first official Chinese trade envoy lead by Admiral Yin Ching arrive in Malacca.

1409 - - Admiral Cheng Ho , Commander of the Chinese Imperial fleet, arrives in Malacca on the first of his seven voyages to the Indian Ocean.

1411 - Parameswara journeys to China with an entourage of 540 and meets the Ming Emperor Yung Lo.

1414 - Parameswara marries a princess from Pasai (Indonesia) and embraces Islam and changes his name to Raja Iskandar Shah.

1424 - Sri Maharaja, Parameswara's son, becomes Sultan. He converts to Islam and takes the title Muhammad Shah.

1444 - Sultan Muhammad Shah is succeeded by his youngest son Raja Ibrahim on his death. A year late Raja Ibrahim was murdered and buried with the title Sultan Abu Syahid.

1446 - Raja Kassim ascended the throne with the title Sultan Muzaffar Shah and declared Islam as the state religion. Under his rule Malacca prospers.

1447 - First attack from Siam. Later they were defeated in battle near Muar.

1456 - Tun Perak becomes Bendahara , Prime Minister with the title Bendahara Paduka Raja. Served under four Sultans, he is responsible for Malacca's rise to power in maritime Southeast Asia.

1458 - Sultan Mansur Shah succeeds Sultan Muzaffar Shah. Tun Perpateh Puteh envoy to China brings the Chinese Princess Hang Li Po as a wife for the Sultan.

1477 - Sultan Mansur Shah dies. He is succeeded by his 15 year old son Alauddin Riayat Shah.

1488 - Sultan Alauddin is poisoned in Pagoh. Sultan Mahmud Shah a cruel and tyrannical ruler succeeds him.

1498 - Tun Perak dies.

1500 - Tun Mutahir replaces Tun Perak as Bendahara with the title Bendahara Seri Maharaja. He became the grandest and most powerful of all the Bendaharas.

1509 - The first Royal Portuguese trading expedition commanded by Diego Lopez de Sequiera with a fleet of 18 ships arrives in Malacca hence the first European to arrive here. The locals called them `Benggali Putih'. A misunderstanding with the Malays took place and they were attacked but escape leaving behind twenty men as prisoners.

1510 - Bendahara Tun Mutahir allegedly plots to assassinate the Sultan. Sultan Mahmud Shah executes him and his entire family. Sultans Ahmad Shah succeeded the throne temporary from his father Sultan Mahmud Shah.

1511 - Alfonso d' Albuquerque and his Portuguese fleet attack Malacca on the 10 August 1511 and built - A Famosa . The Portuguese ruled for 130 years and thus Malacca passes into colonial hands for four and a half centuries.

1512 - In January Albuquerque returns to Goa after completing the "A Famosa". Sultan Mahmud Shah attacks the Portuguese.

1513 - Patih Unus from Java, a Javanese warrior attacks Malacca with 5000 men and 100 ships. He later became Sultan Demak of Sumatra

1518/1519 - Sultan Mahmud Shah orders his subjects to built high walls around Malacca within three months.

1523 - Sultan Mahmud once again tried unsuccesfully to recapture back Malacca.

1525 - Laksamana Hang Nadim besiege the A Famosa fortress. Food rationing from Goa is carried out.

1537 - The Achenese attacked the Portuguese in Malacca for the first time.

1545 - Saint Francis Xavier visits Malacca on the first of his five sojourn in the city. Malacca was used as his base in the East and from here he attemps to get permission to travel to China.

1548 - The first school in Malacca, St Paul's College is established by Saint Francis Xavier for the Portuguese Catholics and newly converted locals.

1551 - The combined army of Johor, Japara and Perak besiege Malacca city for three months.

1553 - Saint Francis Xavier dies from fever on the Island of Sancian near Canton, China. His body is buried in St. Paul's Church for nine months then transferred to Goa, India.

1568 - Johor helps the Portuguese to fight off the Acehnese who terrorize the Malacca Straits for sixty years.

1571 - A storm foiled a failed attempt attacked on Malacca by the Acehnese.

1575 - Japara once again launched an attack on Malacca.

1582 - The Portuguese help Johor ward off another Achehnese attack, and Sultan Abdul Jalil Riayat Shah of Johor the first of the former Malay royal house to visit Malacca.

1587 - Johor launch a huge land and sea attack on the Portuguese who are saved only by reinforcements from Goa.

1588 - Ralph Ritch the first British to visit Malacca.

1597 - The Dutch attack Malacca for the first time.

1606 - The Dutch under Admiral Matelieff de Jonge, teams up with the Sultan of Johor and attack Malacca. After a three months seige the Portuguese survive the attack when troops from Goa arrive.

1615/1616 - The Achehnese attacks Malacca.

1628/1629 - Achehnese captured Malacca for eight months before the Portuguese recapture it again.

1636 - The Dutch destroyed Portuguese ships at the Malacca harbor.

1641 - Malacca fell to the Dutch on the 14 January 1641. The Portuguese Governor, Manuel de Souza Couthinho surrenders the city to Captain Minne Williemson Kaartokoe.

1645 - The Cheng Hoon Teng is founded by Kapitan Lee Wei King. It is the oldest functioning Chinese temple in Malaysia today.

1650 - The Stadthuys the Dutch administrative centre and home of the Governor is built.

1710 - St. Peter's Church, the oldest functioning Christian church in Malaysia, is built after the Dutch restore freedom of religion to the Catholics.

1753 - Christ Church, built next to the Stadhuys in the Town Square, is completed after twelve years.

1756 - The Bugis under the command of Daing Kamboja attacks Malacca.

1784 - Raja Haji tries to capture Malacca but is killed in battle at Teluk Ketapang.

1795 - The English East India Company takes over Malacca temporary during the Napoleonic wars.

1807 - Under William Farquar, the English begin demolishing A Formosa fort and transfer the city's population to Penang. The cost for demolishing the fort was 70,000 pounds.

1808 - Sir Stamford Raffles arrives in Malacca and on his recommendation the city was saved from destruction and the plan to evacuate was abandoned with the approval of Lord Minto.

1818 - Malacca is restored to the Dutch under the Treaty of Vienna after the Napoleonic Wars.

1819 - Sultan Husin Mohamad Shah hands over Singapore to Sir Stamford Raffles of the East India Company. His grave is located in the grounds of Tranquerah Mosque.

1824 - The Anglo Dutch Treaty or the Treaty of London was made between the Dutch and the British. The British gives Bencoolen, in Sumatra to the Dutch and Malacca to the English.

1826 - Malacca,Penang and Singapore are incorparated as the Straits Settlements of the India government under the British.

1867 - The Straits Settlements become a Crown Colony under the Colonial Office in London.

1895 - The first rubber trees were planted by Tan Chay Yan at Bukit Lintang, Malacca.

1901 - The Queen Victoria Fountain made of English marble is erected to commemorate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee (1837-1897).

1941 - 1945 - The Second World War

1942 - Malacca is occupied by the Japanese.

1945 - Malacca is restored to the British after the Japanese surrender in Singapore.

1948 - The Communist controls Malaya for 14 days. The British declare a state of "Emergency" which lasted for twelve years against the Communist Terrorists.

1956 - Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's first Prime Minister, announces the news of impending indepandence to 50,000 people gathered at the Padang Pahlawan, Bandar Hilir, Malacca on his arrival from London on the 20th of February.

1957 - Malaysia gains "Merdeka" independence on the 31 Agugust 1957 from the British.

1963 - Formation of Malaysia.with Malacca, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak forging a new nation.

1989 - Proclaimation of Malacca as a Historical City on the 15 April, 1989.

Part 1: History of Malacca

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